What Type of Tic Disorders Are There?
The most complicated and concerning tic disorder is Tourette’s disorder. This disorder requires the presence of tics for at least 1 year. The tics must be motor and vocal in nature. The tics must be frequent, never stopping for a period of longer than 2 months. They also must be causing a significant impairment. Tourette’s disorder is a combination of multiple tics, AD/HD like symptoms, and obsessive-compulsive difficulties.
Chronic motor tic disorder:
same as Tourette’s except not associated with vocal tics
Chronic vocal tic disorder:
same as Tourette’s except consists only of vocal tics (no motor tics)
Acute tic disorder:
a disorder consisting of tics, lasting a short time and resolves when the causative stress factor is eliminated (lasts less than 3 months).
Tic disorder not otherwise specified:
includes all the other disorders that do not meet the criteria for the above-mentioned disorders.